The Caspian Sea, with surface area of 371,000 km2 (143,200 sq mi), is the largest enclosed inland body of water on Earth.
Tristan da Cunha, part of the British overseas territory, is a remote volcanic group of islands in the south Atlantic Ocean It is the most remote inhabited archipelago in the world, lying 2,816 kilometres (1,750 mi) from the nearest land.
Lærdal Tunnel, located in Norway, is the longest road tunnel in the world with a length of 24.51 km (15.23 mi).
The farthest point from the Earth’s center is the summit of Chimborazo volcano, located in Ecuador, at 6,384.4 km (3,967.1 mi). This is due to the Earth being an oblate spheroid rather than a perfect sphere.
The lowest point, on dry land, on Earth is the shore of the Dead Sea, shared by Israel and Jordan, with altitude of 418 m (1,371 ft) below sea level.
Oymyakon, a village located in north-east Russia, is the coldest permanently inhabited area on Earth with monthly mean temperature at −46 °C (−51 °F).