Shanghai, with 17,836,133 inhabitants, is the largest city by population in the People’s Republic of China, and the largest city proper (an urban locality without its suburbs) by population in the world.
Tristan da Cunha, part of the British overseas territory, is a remote volcanic group of islands in the south Atlantic Ocean It is the most remote inhabited archipelago in the world, lying 2,816 kilometres (1,750 mi) from the nearest land.
Tristan da Cunha
Oymyakon, a village located in north-east Russia, is the coldest permanently inhabited area on Earth with monthly mean temperature at −46 °C (−51 °F).
Oymyakon - The Coldest Inhabited Place on Earth
Lloró, a town located in Colombia, is the wettest place on Earth with annual precipitation estimated at 523.6 inches (13,300 mm).
La Rinconada, a mining town with a population of 50.000 located in Peru, is the highest settlement on Earth – 5.100 meter (16.728ft) above the sea level.
You might thought that the Pyramids in Egypt are the oldest buildings in the World. That is not true. The Tumulus of Bougon – five Neolithic monuments located in Bougon, France are the oldest structures in the world, dating back to the 4800 BC.
Did you know that the country with the smallest number of inhabitants is (officially named) the Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie and Oeno Islands? These small vulcanic islands are a British Overseas Territory and their population was 67 people in the year 2011.
Did you know that Burj Khalifa is a skyscraper in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, and is the tallest manmade structure in the world? It has 829.84 m (2,723 ft) and 163 floors!